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Alexandre de Batz

(1685–1759)

French artist Alexandre de Batz's renderings of Native American life in colonial Louisiana, such as "Desseins de Sauvages de Plusieurs Nations" ("Drawings of Several Native Americans of Various Nations") from 1735, caused a huge sensation upon exhibiting in Paris. Learn more

Signing the 1733 marriage register at St. Louis Cathedral as “Engineer to the King,” architect, draftsman, artist, and engineer Alexandre de Batz was already years into a process that is his greatest legacy: creating the earliest known views of Native Americans in the lower Mississippi Valley. Based on sketches rendered while surveying French colonial inventories and the Native-American villages existing just outside New Orleans, De Batz portrayed in watercolor Tunica Chief Bride les Bouefs, appearing in warpaint and holding scalps. His other Louisiana subjects, beyond the assignment to document New Orleans’ architecture, included the Colapissa, Choctaw, and Natchez tribes. De Batz was sent to Mobile in 1735 and returned to New Orleans in 1740 before being shipped to what French colonists called the Illinois Country (a region largely east of the Mississippi and north of the Ohio rivers) after the French decimation of Native Americans in the Beaver Wars. There he worked as an engineer and architect at Fort de Chartres.

Author: Staff of the Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities

Cite this entry

Chicago Manual of Style

Staff of the Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities "Alexandre de Batz." In knowlouisiana.org Encyclopedia of Louisiana, edited by David Johnson. Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities, 2010–. Article published September 12, 2012. http://www.knowlouisiana.org/entry/alexandre-de-batz.

MLA Style

Staff of the Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities "Alexandre de Batz" knowlouisiana.org Encyclopedia of Louisiana. Ed. David Johnson. Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities, 12 Sep 2012. Web. 19 Oct 2017.

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Additional Data

Coverage 1685–1759
Category Art
Topics People
Regions Greater New Orleans
Time Periods French Colonial Period, Spanish Colonial Period
Index letter B

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