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Cleoma Breaux Falcon


A photograph of Cleoma Breaux Falcon and her husband, Joe Falcon. Learn more

Musician and singer Cléoma Breaux Falcon recorded the first Cajun record with her husband, Joseph Falcon. Recorded on April 27, 1928, in New Orleans, “Lafayette,” also known as “Allons à Lafayette,” sold well and led to other recordings by Cajun musicians. Though she played an impressive variety of instruments, Cléoma made her major contributions to Cajun music as a guitarist and singer. Her emotional singing and rhythmic guitar style set standards in Cajun music still in effect today.

Born May 27, 1906, in Crowley, Cléoma Breaux was born into an influential family of Cajun musicians that included her father, Auguste Breaux, and brothers: Amede, Ophy, and Clifford. When Cléoma was about 12, her father abandoned the family, causing her mother to take work as a domestic. Cléoma took over many of the duties of the household, including cooking and cleaning. She graduated from Crowley High School. She started playing music at an early age and soon mastered the accordion and fiddle. Throughout the1910s and 1920s, Cléoma performed with her brothers around Crowley, which rapidly became the center for Cajun music. Her driving rhythm formed the basis of the Breaux family band, and her singing reflected the growing influence of blues, popular, and particularly country music on Cajun musical traditions.

She met and formed a lasting musical and personal partnership with Joseph Falcon, an accordionist from Rayne. They married on April 27, 1932. Four years earlier, Cléoma and Joe recorded two sides—“Lafayette” and “The Waltz That Carried Me to My Grave”—for Columbia Records in New Orleans, generally considered the first Cajun music recording. During the next ten years, the Falcons and the Breaux family would record nearly one hundred songs for several labels including Columbia, Decca, and Bluebird. Their recordings made the couple local celebrities, and they earned a living performing throughout southern Louisiana. Their style reflected the influence of popular genres on Cajun music, especially country music, which Cajuns embraced. Cléoma recorded Cajun versions of popular songs such as “Lulu’s Back in Town” and “Love Letters in the Sand.”

Cléoma Falcon died April 8, 1941, in Crowley; she was thirty-five years old. Her legacy continued through her nieces and nephews, including swamp pop singer Johnny Allen, accordionist Jimmy Breaux of Beausoleil, and accordion builder Randy Falcon.

Author: Kevin Fontenot

Cite this entry

Chicago Manual of Style

Fontenot, Kevin "Cleoma Breaux Falcon." In Encyclopedia of Louisiana, edited by David Johnson. Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities, 2010–. Article published March 2, 2011.

MLA Style

Fontenot, Kevin "Cleoma Breaux Falcon" Encyclopedia of Louisiana. Ed. David Johnson. Louisiana Endowment for the Humanities, 2 Mar 2011. Web. 17 Aug 2018.

Suggested Reading

Brasseaux, Ryan A. and Kevin S. Fontenot. Accordions, Fiddles, Two Step, and Swing: A Cajun Music Reader.   Lafayette:  Center for Louisiana Studies, 2006.

Brasseaux, Ryan A. and Kevin S. Fontenot. Accordions, Fiddles, Two Step, and Swing: A Cajun Music Reader.   Lafayette: Center for Louisiana Studies, 2006.

Brasseaux, Ryan Andre.  Cajun Breakdown. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Fontenot, Kevin S.  “You Can’t Go Wrong If You Play It Right.”  In Ethnic and Border Music, ed. by Norm Cohen.  Westport, CT:  Greenwood Press, 2007.

Fontenot, Kevin S. and Ryan Andre Brasseaux. “Cléoma Breaux Falcon and the Commercialization of Cajun Music.” In Louisiana Women:  Their Lives and Times, ed. by Janet Allured and Judith Gentry.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2009.

Francois, Raymond.  Ye Yaille Chere.  Ville Platte, LA:  Swallow, 1990.

Savoy, Ann.  Cajun Music:  Reflection of a People.  Eunice, LA:  Bluebird Press, 1984.

Additional Data

Coverage 1906–1941
Category Music
Regions Southwest Louisiana (Acadiana), Acadia
Time Periods Bourbon Era, Long Era
Index letter F

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