Fall of New Orleans and Federal Occupation - All Images

General Butler Holding the Mob in Check at New Orleans

In early 1862, Benjamin Butler was appointed commander of the Union troops occupying New Orleans. He ruled the territory with an iron hand, invoking the hatred of southerners and earning the nickname “Beast Butler.”

General Butler Holding the Mob in Check at New Orleans

Infamous! Vide Lord Palmerston's speech

With General Order No. 28, commonly known as the “Woman's Order,” Union General Benjamin Butler attempted to stop the women of New Orleans from exhibiting their dislike of Union soldiers. Issued in 1862, the order stated that any woman showing disrespect to a Union soldier would “be treated as a woman of the town plying her vocation.”

Infamous! Vide Lord Palmerston's speech

David Dixon Porter, Rear Admiral

Admiral David Dixon Porter helped the Union capture New Orleans. Later, and with less success, he led the Union naval forces in the Red River Campaign.

David Dixon Porter, Rear Admiral

Capture of New Orleans

The lyrics for “Capture of New Orleans,” a song popular during the Civil War.

Capture of New Orleans

Governor Michael Hahn

Michael Hahn was the nineteenth governor of Louisiana. He served during the federal occupation of the state following the Civil War. Hahn's administration made attempts to enfranchise black citizens and laid the foundation for a black school system. This portrait was made by John Genin, c. 1865.

Governor Michael Hahn

Plan of Fort Jackson

Between April 18th and 24th, 1862, the U.S. Mortar Flotilla and Gunboats fired on Fort Jackson. This map illustrates the damage they caused.

Plan of Fort Jackson

"Map showing the defenses of the Mississippi below New Orleans and Farraguts attack 24 April 1862"

Hoping to protect New Orleans, Confederate troops built defenses--shown on this map--along the Mississippi River. But, on April 24, 1862, these defenses proved unable to withstand the Union attack.

"Map showing the defenses of the Mississippi below New Orleans and Farraguts attack 24 April 1862"

"Riot in New Orleans" by Theodore R. Davis

This illustration from Harper's Weekly depicts the 1866 riot in New Orleans. During this conflict, former Confederates—including the local police—attacked Radical Republicans who at the 1864 Constitution Convention.

Major General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Major General Nathaniel Banks replaced the unpopular Gen. Benjamin "Beast" Butler as commander of the Union's troops in New Orleans. He also led the Red River Campaign in 1864. The image was taken in the studio of famed Civil War photographer Matthew B. Brady.

Major General Nathaniel Prentiss Banks

Scott's Great Snake

This map illustrates Union General Winfield Scott's “Anaconda” plan to strangle the Confederacy economically.

Scott's Great Snake

USS Hartford

Heavily retouched photograph of Union Admiral David Farragut's flagship, the USS Hartford.

USS Hartford

Proclamation, Headquarters, Department of the Gulf, New Orleans, May 1st, 1862

With this May 1, 1862, proclamation, Union General Benjamin Butler officially announced the federal government's occupation of New Orleans and declared martial law in the city.

Proclamation, Headquarters, Department of the Gulf, New Orleans, May 1st, 1862

General Benjamin F. Butler

Civil War Union General Benjamin F. Butler was charged with governing New Orleans after the city surrendered to federal forces in 1862. This official portrait is in the Brady National Photographic Art Gallery.

General Benjamin F. Butler

Admiral David Glasgow Farragut

David Glasgow Farragut (July 5, 1801 – August 14, 1870), who eventually became the U.S. Navy's first full admiral, led several important Union victories in Louisiana during the Civil War.

Admiral David Glasgow Farragut

Reconnoissance of the Mississippi River below Forts Jackson and St. Philip

A map illustrating the Union's knowledge of Fort Jackson and Fort St. Phillip. This information may have helped Union Commander David Dixon Porter develop a plan to capture the Confederate forts.

Reconnoissance of the Mississippi River below Forts Jackson and St. Philip

Major General Mansfield Lovell

Confederate General Mansfield Lovell served as the commander of New Orleans defenses during the Civil War.

Major General Mansfield Lovell

Confederate Memorial Hall, New Orleans

Architects Thomas Sully and Albert Tolando designed the Confederate Memorial Hall, which was built in 1891, in New Orleans.

Confederate Memorial Hall, New Orleans

Plan of an attack on New Orleans

This hand-drawn and annotated map illustrates an 1862 Union plan for an attack on New Orleans.

Plan of an attack on New Orleans

General Winfield Scott

A color reproduction of a painting of General Winfield Scott, whose Anaconda Plan resulted in the Fall and subsequent Federal occupation of New Orleans.

General Winfield Scott

The Restoration of the Union - Inauguration of Michael Hahn

A view of Lafayette Square depicting the inauguration of Michael Hahn as Governor of Louisiana during the Federal occupation of New Orleans in 1864.

The Restoration of the Union - Inauguration of Michael Hahn

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